HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. When you look at a web page on a web browser you see, at the simplest level, words. HTML instructs a web browser what content to display. In many cases a page also displays images or maybe video clips. HTML defines and separates "content" (words, images, audio, video, and so on) from "presentation" (how to display a specific type of content). HTML uses a pre-defined set of elements to identify content types.
This assignment is meant to introduce you to HTML (surprise!). HTML forms the basis of every webpage today. Therefore it is crucial that you learn it. In this assignment, we want you to explain HTML in your own words.
Read the article.
Watch the instruction video.
Download a text editor. We recommend Sublime Text 2.
Write in the text editor in your own words what HTML is and what it consists of.
Mozilla Developer Network: Introduction
Youtube - Aaron Maynard's Channel: Introduction video
Sublime Text: Sublime Text
HTML works with things called 'tags'. These grant a certain functionality to the content within. Tags are used to achieve clarity and structure within your webpage. Make a basic HTML structure to fit your text in for this assignment.
Read the article.
Make a basic html structure containing a head and body.
Take the text you wrote in the last assignment (or any other text) and place it in the body.
Tag the headings with the h1, 2, 3 or 4 tags, and the paragraphs with the p tag.
Save the file, go to the folder it is in and double click on the file to open it in your browser.
Congratulations, you just made a webpage!
CSS Tricks: HTML5 Page Structure
Linking is a way to reference to other stuff on the internet. You use the 'A' (for 'Anchor') tag for this. Linking creates a so-called hyperlink to another website. You usually link to contextualize the content of your website. Link to a number of URL's with the Anchor tag for this assignment.
Read the article
Make some links under the paragraphs in your text that reference to related subjects.
Mozilla Developer Network: A Tag
Everybody loves pictures. People include pictures (usually concerning cats) on their webpage to illustrate the content. You can include pictures with the tag. The pictures can be retrieved from the internet, in which you use the hyperlink of the image. They can also be stored locally, in which case you put them in the same folder as your webpage and reference to their name. Include pictures on your webpage with the image tag.
Read the articles.
Look up on Google Images at least five pictures related to your text.
Include these pictures on your website, to better illustrate the content.